The Future for VAT: Customs Bill White Paper

VATOn 9 October 2017, the UK Government published its White Paper on the Customs Bill, setting out the government’s approach to legislating for the future customs, VAT and excise regimes post-Brexit. This blog looks at the VAT position.

The paper seems to suggest that the government is now accepting that import VAT will be payable on goods imported from the UK after Brexit. Previously, the government has indicated (in its Future Partnership Paper published in August) that its aim was, rather than having just two categories of domestic supplies and international supplies, to maintain the three categories of supplies currently differentiated under the EU/UK VAT code: (1) domestic supplies; (2) supplies between the UK and the EU27 (i.e. supplies that are currently intra-EU supplies); and (3) other international supplies. The rationale for this aim is laudible and clear: an obligation on importers to fund input VAT (which may be recoverable) is inconsistent with frictionless trade, one of the government’s three guiding strategic objectives. Import VAT, where previously acquisition VAT existed, is a bureaucratic administrative burden for both businesses and HMRC. However, without a deal including changes to both UK legislation and Directive 2006/112/EC this will not be possible. To EU27 countries the UK will be a third country, to the UK the EU27 countries will be third countries. It is unsurprising that maintaining three categories of supplies does not appear to be a likely eventuality, but this will be worrying for both the government and for businesses importing goods from EU countries, which could face the burden of paying VAT upfront, and the additional bureaucracy and friction in international dealings.

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Responding to the Migration Advisory Committee’s Call for Evidence – Let Us Help Your Business Have its Say on Post-Brexit Immigration Policy

The Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, has commissioned the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) to advise on: “the economic and social impacts of the UK’s exit from the European Union and also on how the UK’s immigration system should be aligned with a modern industrial strategy”.

In response, the MAC has published its Call for Evidence in order to examine current patterns of EU/EEA migration into the UK, employers’ reliance on certain types of EEA migration and the costs and benefits to the UK of such reliance.  Based on the evidence it receives, the MAC will then make recommendations to the government for its post-Brexit transition immigration policy.

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Brexit: Looking at Theresa May’s Florence Speech from the EU27 Perspective

From the perspective of the EU27 Theresa May’s Florence Speech does not materially change the current status of the Article 50 Withdrawal Negotiations.

However, there are some take-aways which should be noted:

  1. The speech and Michael Barnier’s response made it clear that the UK will leave the EU and cease to be a Member State of the EU on 29 March 2019. From the EU’s perspective the UK is a “Third Country” as of 30 March 2019.
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A European Renaissance?

BrexitThe UK Prime Minister Theresa May has delivered her highly anticipated speech in the historic Italian city of Florence.

How far did it move things on?

Truth be told, there was little new in there, and the decision to deliver the speech in Italy rather than London or Brussels remains unclear. Take, for example, Ireland, which along with the issue of EU citizens’ rights and money is a key issue for the EU27. The Prime Minister said:

“The UK government, the Irish government and the EU as a whole have been clear that through the process of our withdrawal we will protect progress made in Northern Ireland over recent years – and the lives and livelihoods that depend on this progress. As part of this, we and the EU have committed to protecting the Belfast Agreement and the Common Travel Area and, looking ahead, we have both stated explicitly that we will not accept any physical infrastructure at the border. We owe it to the people of Northern Ireland – and indeed to everyone on the island of Ireland – to see through these commitments”

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The only certainty with Brexit at the moment, appears to be that there will continue to be uncertainty

The approach in the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill remains the only conceivable way that the UK can both manage to leave the EU and have a working legislative framework on 30 March 2019 by simultaneously repealing the European Communities Act 1972 and incorporating the large body of EU law on which the legal system depends. It passed its first test at the House of Commons with a majority of 36, a majority larger than the government is, even taking the support of the DUP into account. Continue Reading

Meeting with the Migration Advisory Committee − Your Opportunity to Shape Post-Brexit EEA Immigration Policy

Following our request in August for interested organisations’ views and evidence in response to a call for evidence by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) on post-Brexit EEA immigration policy, we are pleased to invite you to meet with representatives of the MAC in our London and Birmingham offices.

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UK Government Sets Out Its Position on UK-EU Data Flows

The UK Government has released a position paper, “The exchange and protection of personal data: A future partnership paper” as part of the ongoing Brexit negotiations.

This is one of many papers released by the UK Government last week but is a high priority for both the UK and the EU given the importance of data flows between the two. The continuing uncertainty surrounding data transfers to or through the UK given the country’s looming departure from the bloc is a matter of increasing concern for EU-28 based companies. As the position paper sets out, “any disruption in cross-border data flows would . . . be economically costly to both the UK and the EU.” The report goes on to estimate the cost of such disruption, which is estimated to range between 0.8% and 1.3% of EU GDP.

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Brexit: Time Is of the Essence

Why the Involvement of the ECJ May Become a Stumbling Block

On 29 March 2017 the UK delivered its notice to leave the European Union (EU) pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). Such notice started the two-year “sunset period”, at the end of which the UK will cease to be a member state of the EU (subject to potentially three exemptions).

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International Air Traffic after Brexit: Time to Fasten Your Seatbelts

AviationThe UK’s triggering of Article 50 on 29 March 2017 means that it will officially cease to be a member of the European Union on 30 March 2019. As this deadline approaches rapidly, there are a multitude of issues to be resolved and legislative tangles to be unscrambled. One such problem area that has received limited media coverage – relative to the Customs Union and the Single Market in general, at least – is that of air traffic rights. Continue Reading

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